This is an dangerous proposal. Never mind that the Bush administration sees the need to federalize crimes that the states are more than capable of addressing. According to the Center for Reproductive Rights
By treating the "unborn child" as a separate and distinct victim of crime, the legislation would, for the first time, consider a fetus--and even a fertilized egg--an independent victim for purposes of federal law.I think that most murder and manslaughter laws are tough enough to punish those who murder a pregnant woman. And I think the penalty for assault is tough enough to accommodate those who cause the unwanted termination of the unborn fetus by attacking a pregnant woman. Creating special rights for fetuses separate and apart from the rights of the mother would be bad philosophy and bad law. Fetuses have no rights--rights belong only the women carrying them.
If a fetus, or a so-called "unborn child, at an earlier state of pregnancy, were later deemed entitled to the same legal protections as the woman, it would be impossible for a woman to obtain an abortion without violating the fetus's rights.
If a fetus, embryo, or other so-called "unborn child" is recognized as a "person" under the law, not only would the reproductive rights of women be eviscerated but a fetus--or even a zygote--could seek federal benefits, bring lawsuits, and otherwise claim civil rights.